Ayrshire Joint Planning Steering Group
The effects of climate change are already being seen, with increases in mean temperature and higher levels of rainfall recorded, along with an increase in the frequency of storms. If greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise these effects are likely to become more pronounced. Climate change will have wide ranging implications for the economy, the built and natural environment and people’s lives and whilst it is important to reduce Scotland’s contribution to the causes of global warming it is also necessary to prepare to adapt to the changes that now seem to be inevitable. To meet these challenges the Climate Change (Scotland) Act was passed in 2009. It introduces a statutory framework for greenhouse gas emission targets and duties on Scottish public bodies.
Net emissions of greenhouse gases including international aviation and shipping for Scotland fell by 20% between 1990 and 2008 from 70.0mt of carbon dioxide equivalent to 56mt.
The increase in travel by road and air has however led to an increase in transports’ contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. Across Scotland emissions grew (by 7% and 157% for transport and international aviation respectively from their 1990 levels) and now account for around a quarter of all Scottish CO2 emissions. Until recently the growth in the transport sector contrasted with a decline in other areas.
Power generation emits the largest amount of greenhouse gases and accounts for 35% of the total.